Over the years, permanent eye makeup has become an increasingly popular option for people who wear makeup regularly; with research indicating that it is especially desired by older women . The benefits include:
- time saved (daily makeup application is avoided)
- less expensive over time
- easy application for elderly with poor eyesight
Permanent Makeup: A Good Idea?
Indeed, women who wear makeup are often viewed as more confident and healthier than those who do not . This further encourages people, particularly older women, to wear makeup daily or consider having permanent makeup tattooed on their skin. Currently, the application of permanent makeup to the eyebrows, lips, and eyelids is most common . Despite the perceived benefits, there are several side effects such as [3-9]:
- allergic contact dermatitis (skin inflammation)
- inflammatory reactions
- hypomelanosis (light-colored patches on the skin)
- phototoxicity (skin reaction that resembles severe sunburn)
- unexpected hyperpigmentation of the eyelids and eyebrows
Hyperpigmentation refers to a darkening of the skin that leads to the occurrence of dark spots. One risk factor that is possibly linked to undesirable skin discoloration after the application of permanent makeup is a condition called dermatochalasis, which refers to droopy eyelids .
In one particular case, an older woman who received permanent makeup on her eyebrows decided to also receive eyelid contouring with permanent black coloring some time later. Several days after the eyelid application, she experienced dark hyperpigmentation under one of her eyelids that spread down toward her nose. She also developed streaks along her cheek as well as a bump between her eyebrows. The woman underwent three sessions of laser treatment in order to improve her symptoms . Although she was satisfied with the results of the laser treatment, she only required the procedure due to the significant and unexpected side effects that occurred after she received permanent makeup on her eyelids.
Repeated applications of permanent eye makeup are often needed to achieve the desired look, which also increases the risk of developing multicolored skin and persistent inflammation . One woman who received several unsuccessful permanent eye makeup applications required seven laser treatment sessions to reduce pigmentation problems, inflammation, and the mismatched coloring of her skin . Therefore, the decision to receive permanent makeup is a serious matter that should be carefully contemplated.
Protect Your Eyes Health
Whether you already have permanent makeup on your eyelids, are considering it, or you use removable eye makeup daily, it is important to protect the health of your eyes by keeping them clean. Cliradex is a natural cleansing product that was designed specifically for the eyelids, eyelashes, and face. Its active ingredient is a powerful extract from tea tree oil called 4-Terpineol, which has been shown through scientific research to target demodex (tiny mites), blepharitis (inflamed eyelids), meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), rosacea, dry eye, chalazia (eyelid bumps), and other lid margin diseases (chronic eyelid inflammation) [10-16]. Overall, be sure to use a daily cleanser that will help reduce the occurrence of serious side effects (e.g., infections) that permanent makeup may cause.
- Goldman A, Wollina U. Severe unexpected adverse effects after permanent eye makeup and their management by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Clin Interv Aging. 2014;9:1305-1309.
- Liu C, Keeling D, Hogg M. The unspoken truth: a phenomenological study of changes in women’s sense of self and the intimate relationship with cosmetics consumption. In: Belk RW, Askegaard S, Scott L, editors. Research in Consumer Behavior Vol 14. London, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 2012; 89-107.
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- Vagefi MR, Dragan L, Hughes SM, Klippenstein KA, Seiff SR, Woog JJ. Adverse reactions to permanent eyeliner tattoo. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;22(1):48-51.
- Wamer WG, Yin JJ. Photocytotoxicity in human dermal fibroblasts elicited by permanent makeup inks containing titanium dioxide. J Cosmet Sci. 2011;62(6):535-547.
- Liao JC, Proia AD, Ely PH, Woodward JA. Late-onset melanopenic hypomelanosis as a complication of cosmetic eyeliner tattoo. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013;69(3):e144-e146.
- Wollina U. Nodular skin reactions in eyebrow permanent makeup: two case reports and an infection by Mycobacterium haemophilum. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2011;10(3):235-239.
- Giulieri S, Morisod B, Edney T, et al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium haemophilum infections after permanent makeup of the eyebrows. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;52(4):488-491.
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- Liang L, Ding X, Tseng SC. High prevalence of demodex brevis infestation in chalazia. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014;157(2):342-348.
- Huang Y, He H, Sheha H, Tseng SC. Ocular Demodicosis as a Risk Factor of Pterygium Recurrence. Ophthalmology. 2013;120:1341-1347.